What is Hacking and Who is the Hacker ?

Hacking is considered a crime and a hacker a guy sitting in his garage doing miracles with mouse clicks. Taking down websites, stealing secret govt. information. Ripping people off their email and bank accounts.

A few years ago I also believed this and thought of hacking as bad and every hacker a computer criminal. At first, “hacker” was a positive term for a person with a mastery of computers who could push programs beyond what they were designed to do. Later it became associated with computer vandals intent on harming systems and this is where it stands today.

The word “Hacker” is subject to a long standing definition controversy.
Background Illustrations provided by: http://edison.rutgers.edu/